vignamaggio vineyards and olive graves
The estate covers an area of 160 hectares, situated in the heart of the Chianti Classico district, in the municipality of Greve in Chianti.
52 hectares (=128 US acres) of the estate are occupied by vineyards and there are eleven hectares of olive-groves. The vineyards have a mainly south-western and eastern exposure and are situated at an altitude of between 330 m and 400 m a.s.l.
The main vine variety is Sangiovese, which occupies 82% of the area dedicated to the cultivation of vines.
The Cabernet Franc is the estate's peculiarity since it consists of vines of over forty years of age which have a very low yield and are located among the Sangiovese in the old vineyards. Since 1990 the Cabernet Franc has been vinified separately.
The plantation density of the old vineyards is still 3500 vine-stocks per hectare. The vines are Tuscan bow pruned: this involves bending one or two branches, 6-7 buds long, in a downward direction. The new vineyards are planted obtaining a plantation density of 5680 vine-stocks per hectare. Currently these vines are single or double cordon trained: this involves having one or two permanent horizontal branches located at height of 60/70 cm from the ground on which 4 to 6 short "spurs", with 1 or 2 buds, are left after pruning.
In the event of any imbalance, interventions are carried out at veraison (when the berries change from green to red), i.e. at the end of July, eliminating the excess clusters.
The olive-groves, of indeterminable age, which were restored following the severe frost of 1984, consist of the traditional Chianti varieties-Frantoio, Leccino, Moraiolo and Pendolino- which are pruned using the polyconic vase method.
Frantoio, also known as Correggiolo, Frantoiano or Razzo, is native to Tuscany. The olive oil produced is highly valued, elegant, tasty and very fruity.
Moraiolo, also called Morellino or Morello, is another Tuscan variety which can be found throughout Central Italy. This olive oil is greatly appreciated for the high content of the non saponifiable fraction (squalene).
The origins of Leccino, which is cultivated throughout Italy, are uncertain. This variety is very resistant to the cold.
Pendolino, also known as Piangente, is native to the Florentine area. The plant has decidedly pendulous bearing, hence its name ("pendolino" literally means "pendulum").
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